Scope of the ITI After completing the engineering trading course in ITI, one can go for higher studies like diploma in engineering. There are also specialized short-term courses for certain trades, offered in Advanced Training Institutes (ATI’s), which enhances the skills of candidates. Most industries/ companies accept ITI graduates only as apprentices and they train them for a period of 6 months to 1-2 years, depending on the company. They may be considered suitable for employment only after the training period. Reputed ITI’s and ITC’s have their own placement cells and candidates after completing their trades may be directly recruited to the companies. Based on the trade opted, ITI qualified candidates can apply for jobs in the private sector and public sector. Electronics, welder, refrigeration and air-conditioner mechanic trade are the trades in ITI’s, which are most in demand. Since electronics is the basic of almost every field, it has got a vast scope. Electronic mechanic trade graduates can find opportunities in Information technology firms and in the manufacturing units of electronics equipment. Both welders and air-conditioner mechanics have much scope in India and Abroad. The major job openings of an A/C mechanic are in the different sections of the Public Service Commission (PSC) and in railways, as technicians, instructors etc. Opportunities for fitters are immense in on shore and off shore areas such as oil and gas, factories, shipyards etc. Those with electrician trade can find openings in the electricity board / department for which the recruitment is through PSC (Public service Commission) Exams. Skill and knowledge are driving forces for economic and social development of a country. Particularly countries possessing advanced skill generally feel comfortable in the competitive world with challangive opportunities. According to the annual statistics of 2004-05, India possesses around 125 crore skilled workforce where as employed total skilled personnel are 2.6 crores in the organized sector and 43.3 crores in the unorganized sector. The present capacity of skill development in the country is 15 crores. It is expected that this figure would increase to 50 crores by the year 2022. Young human resources in the country is increasing steadily. This force with potential of skill development, if put to gainful use would increase the production capacity in the industrial sector. India being a fast developing country needs large scale skill development activity. Taking this aspect into consideration, the Prime Minister of India has started “Make in India movement. Which is awakening the country. Government of India has started “Pradhan Mantri Koushalya Vikas Yojana” to impart job oriented training which would create an environment of planned skill development. This initiative would create large scale positive impact on fast industrial development which is the need of the hour for our country. Accordingly , Government of India has planned in the first stage, to train 24 lakh youths for which Rupees 1500 crores has been provided. Hence ,process of opening “Skill Development training Centres” is urgently required to meet the demand. Job opportunities are also available in government organizations like Indian Army, Indian Navy, Air force, Railways, Telecom and paramilitary forces like BSF (Border Security Force), CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) etc. Besides these, ITI passed out candidates can find self employment by setting up their own garage, winding shops, fabrication shops etc.